If you want to try a different gardening experience, just try herb garden design which not only provides an aesthetic outdoor look but also more benefits for your daily life. With so many herbs available, adding perennial herbs allow them to stay longer in your garden.
Lives more than two years, many people like to plant them at home for different purposes. If you are interested to plant these herbs, take a look at the following guide and a list of herbs to consider planted at home.
Benefits of Growing Perennial Herbs
1. Grow Easily
The meaning of perennial is it enables one to live for longer than two years. Hence, once planted, you not only can harvest the herbs for one season but also in several years. Most of these herbs grow easily and require low maintenance.
2. Maintain the Ecosystem
These herbs help to maintain a balanced ecosystem by attracting beneficial bugs such as pollinators that help plant fertilization and predatory insects to control the number of pests.
3. Offer Various Benefits
They provide numerous benefits for daily use too. In culinary, they add the flavor or various dishes. Many of them contain healing properties so they are used as herbal remedies. Some people even use herbs as natural cleaning as well as ingredients for beauty products.
Places to Grow Perennial Herbs
There are many great places to grow these herbs such as:
If you want to plant them on the ground, you can make a dedicated in-ground garden. Otherwise, you can create raised beds specifically to plant these herbs or plant them together with other plants in one raised bed.
Alternatively, you can plant these herbs mixed with annual corps in polyculture planting locations.
Select Perennial Herbs to Plant
Since various perennial herbs available, it is impossible to plant all of them at home. However, you can select some of them based on your needs. Equipping yourself about what benefits and uses of each herb is important before you add them to the planting locations.
To know the use of each herb and help you to decide the ones that suit them best with your needs, here a list of popular herbs to consider growing at home.
Rosemary is a perennial that can be found in many gardens and commonly used in traditional dishes. This herb grows well in zone 7 to 10 as it rather stands low rainfall levels. When planted rosemary in well-drained soil and sunny areas, rosemary begins to flourish.
Rosemary often attracts beneficial insects in the planting areas so it serves as a great partner for tomatoes and other popular annual crops. People take the benefits of rosemary for natural remedies and aromatherapy.
Other perennial herbs that are used in various recipes are Oreganos, both fresh and dry. It plays important role in Mediterranean cuisines too. It produces an aromatic scent that attracts beneficial insects that can help other plants to fertilize.
Besides, that natural scent also distracts insect pests that like to damage various plants in the garden. Oregano is used variedly at home such as for home remedies and as a natural perfume in many essential oils. You must learn to grow oregano indoors.
Thyme can be planted mixed with other plants since it attracts the hoverflies which preying the aphid which often eating leaves. Besides, it invites beneficial insects and protecting the soil by forming the ground cover.
Thyme is available in different types which offer different fragrances and flavors. For instance, you can discover thymes with a strong flavor to mild ones that can suit a wide variety of uses for culinary herbs.
Each thyme varieties has a different flavor and you even can combine them to create a more interesting taste when cooking or making recipes.
4. Lemon Balm
Lemon balm is a perennial that can attract bees and various beneficial bugs to your garden. It is effective to expel ants and flies. It has a lemon-like taste and scent which makes it a favorite herb to use in culinary.
Growing lemon balm can be done optimally in moist and light soil, although it grows wells in different settings too. Lemon balm serves as a good partner for many other plants but it is best paired with brassicas.
Lavender is another Mediterranean-native herb that not only good to be planted in the garden but inside your home. Although it has fewer benefits in culinary use, people more frequently take the benefit of it into natural cleaners and beauty products due to its wonderful fragrance.
Its amazing natural fragrance also effectively attracts bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. Hence, it is can be cultivated side by side with other plants. It has soothing as well as relaxing properties that make many people use it as herbal medicine. Growing lavender from seed is a great idea.
Appear to be looks like oregano, marjoram has a slightly less strong flavor and scent. It is commonly used in fresh conditions and put into various dishes in the last step of cooking. Similar to oregano, marjoram is dominantly benefited as an herb for culinary use.
Still brings the similarity of oregano, people also take the benefit of marjoram as herbal medicines as well as other home products. Marjoram produces unique flowers that can attract bees and other beneficial bugs to the garden.
Chives are considered allium so they have similar characteristics to other plants in the onion family. They release a strong fragrance which helps to chase the pest away. It makes chives become the best partner for other plants, but you can also grow chives indoors.
When chives start blooming flowers, they attract pollinators well. So far, chives are predominantly used in a wide variety of cuisines. People commonly out chives as a garnish to numerous types of dishes to gives a soft onion taste.
Live greatly at the zone 5 to 8, this herb love to grow in dry soil and can withstand dry temperature. However, you have to make sure it is planted in an area that receives an ample amount of sunlight.
Belongs to aromatic herbs, sage attracts honeybees as well as other pollinators to help flourishing fruits and veggies. Hence, sage can grow in polyculture planting schemes.
Sage is widely used for culinary purposes. However, in the past, sage was used medically due to its benefits for the digestive system.
Some people choose sorrel as their favorite perennial herbs since it can be planted in shady areas of their garden. Sorrel comes in different varieties. For instance, red-veined sorrel adds a pop of colors to the shrubs planted in your garden.
Besides, its leaves provide a fairly lemon-like taste that can be added to your salads throughout the year. However, you need to be careful not to consume sorrel too much due to its oxalic acid. Just use small quantities in some of your dishes.
Sorrel flourish in different types of soil as well as conditions so it can live almost in all gardens. Moreover, it comes in different varieties which means you have lots of choices.
Using rue excessively can cause intoxication so you need to be careful when using this herb. It is often added to pot dishes as well as herbal purposes in a small amount. The primary reason for planting rue is taking the benefits of its natural aroma to remove particular insects from the garden.
Furthermore, it is known to be useful for controlling pests when being planted next to roses or raspberries. When being dried, rue can expel months from your clothes when put inside the wardrobe.
It grows well in open and sunny spots in the garden where its leaves produce fragrances which somewhat similar to orange.
Known to be the easiest perennial to grow, mint best-suited zone 4 to 9. However, it can flourish in different conditions. Mint comes in wide varieties that give you many options, from different fragrances to different flavors. Thus, you can discover peppermints, spearmints, lemon mints, and so forth.
Mints are not only beneficial for kitchen use but also bring benefits when planted in the garden. They expel and distract various kinds of pest species and serve as ground cover. Due to these reasons, mint becomes a good companion both in garden and polyculture planting locations.
Similar to other herbs that can attract beneficial insects, chicory is a great addition to every garden. Besides, it raises the best in moist and well-drained soil yet also gets full sun. It has bitter leaves which bitterness can be reduced if you blanch them previously to consuming.
During winter, chicory produces less bitter leaves so that people like to use the leaves to make winter salads. Its young roots can be boiled and consumed as veggies. Adding it to the soups can enrich the flavor and gives deep color.
Not only beneficial for culinary use, but chicory is also often used for medical purposes because it is known to have tonic effects on the liver as well as the digestive system.
Hyssops are perennial herbs that have been used for years for medical and culinary purposes. They produce a strong aromatic flavor that can trap white butterflies that often damaging cabbage. It also helps to keep brassicas remain safe from pests.
While it repels certain insects, hyssop also attracts other beneficial ones. Its leaves can be made into a tea which is useful to control diseases in plants. In culinary, people use its leaves and young shoots to be added in different kinds of salads as well as cooking recipes.
Hyssop produces a flavor that looks like a combination between sage and mint.
14. Winter Savory
Winter savory belongs to a type of perennial that produces an aromatic scent to attract beneficial bugs. It is also useful to chase pest species away from the planting areas. To grow optimally, winter savory needs lack-nutrition soil and dry conditions but at the same time getting full sun.
Its leaves can be used both raw and cooked as a garnish for a range of dishes or add flavor in many recipes. To consume it differently, you can make the leaves into teas. Known to have many positive effects, winter savory is also benefited as herbal remedies.
Dominantly used as part of the main ingredients in Earl Grey tea, people also popularly used bergamot to make aromatic teas. Both of the leaves and young shoots, either raw or cooked can be added to different culinary use such as in salads and beverages.
Bergamot’s flowers are full of nectars that attract bees as well as pollinators for helping other plants fertilize. Besides its various benefits, bergamot also serves as interesting natural ornaments.
Catnip, like its name, is famous for its unique ability to attract cats. However, this herb can be added to various salads or put into myriad cooking recipes. The leaves produce a mint-like taste but slightly milder. Catnip is often employed as herbal medicine.
Once planted in the garden, catnip helps to expel pests including ants, flea beetles, and other disrupting small creatures. When being extracted, the leaves produce properties to repel insects so it is sometimes can be found in body care products. Learn grow catnip indoors.
Lovage is another perennial that good to be added to your garden. It grows well in different kinds of soils as well as withstands various environmental conditions. Lovage is also known for its ability in attracting beneficial insects as well as serves as a great partner for its surrounding plants.
Lovage is dominantly useful for kitchen use as it produces celery-like flavor. This makes lovage to be used in different recipes. The leaves of this herb are available from early spring to the end of autumn and can be used either fresh or dried.
When choosing perennial herbs to plant at home, it is essential to consider why and where they will be planted so the herbs can grow optimally and provide you with the best benefits.